Human Resources

Professionals in the Human Resources Industry perform a valued, central role within businesses and organisations. Human Resource professionals previously focused mainly on administrative tasks in the recruitment and hiring of employees, managing company benefits programs and managing employee relations. However, over the last few decades, Human Resource positions have taken on higher and more significant roles in the shaping of corporate structure, strategies and policies. Due to the growing importance of Human Resource professionals, careers in the field are highly sought after.

Human Resource careers comprise of a variety of duties and tasks dealing with the human capital, namely the employees of businesses and organisations. They administer programs, manage issues or complaints, establish company policies and run performance assessments. There are Human Resource generalists and Human Resource specialists who provide expertise in training employees, developing and facilitating pension plans and ensuring legal compliance of employees and business practices.

As companies realise the growing importance of recruiting and training the best candidates for positions in their fields, corporate culture and benefits programs become increasingly important. Attracting the most qualified employees can increase business productivity and strategies to give companies a lead over their competitors. Multinational corporations also create an important role for Human Resource professionals to manage the workforce and supervise employee regulations in various countries. This makes effective Human Resource professionals vital to the company to ensure the best and most cost-effective employees are on their team.

Human Resource positions have a significant impact on an organisations overall success and profits and are represented in management teams. Much of their work is now focused on developing strategic plans as well as functionally managing company talent. Individuals pursuing a career in Human Resources should obtain a Bachelors degree in Human Resources or Business Administration. Many Human Resources professionals start out as Human Resources Assistants or with smaller companies where they can gain experience performing many different roles and tasks. There is room for creativity and innovation in the field to analyse and develop optimal policies and practices.

Related degrees

Related subjects

Careers in Human resources

Clerks (Human Resources)

Human Resource Clerks handle and maintain all facets of employees personal records including dates of employment, positions held, pay scale, transfers, promotions, demotions and terminations as well as many other forms of important data. They also assist in accessing information for the hiring the process and make recommendations as to whether a person is qualified for a position or not. Human Resource Clerks also mediate grievances between employees, supervisors and the company.

Corporate Service Managers

Corporate Service Managers oversee all of the activities involved with the running and administering of corporations and other business organisations. They develop plans, analyze the feasibility of them and implement them if they see fit. Corporate Service Managers must delegate projects and be able to manage many other people. They have complete control of the business procedures and day to day operations of the company.

Development Managers

Development Managers research, plan and lead activities to further the development of companies and organisations. They typically oversee the work of a team of research and development associates. They should have a superior understanding of organisational needs and long-term plans for expansion or subsistence.

Human Resource Managers

Human Resource Managers organise, regulate, manage and coordinate workforces within organisations. They create policies for employees, hiring and training and ensure the proper human resources for organisations so that it can operate at optimal levels.

Human Resource Professionals

Human Resource Professionals perform a variety of functions associated with organising, managing and coordinating employee recruitment and facilitating workplace negotiations. They assist organisations human resource team with specific areas to ensure it operates at optimal levels.

Marketing Professionals

Marketing Professionals analyse, identify and develop market opportunities for new and existing products and services, targeting advertisements and promotions to intended market. They should have strong analytical and critical thinking skills and be able to understand client and stakeholder objectives for products.

Personnel Managers

A Personnel Manager title can describe a variety of jobs that manage the hiring and developing of employees in a company/organization. Based in the human resources field, personnel managers can include such positions as human resources generalists, benefits and compensation managers, HR managers, and training and development managers. HR (or personnel) "specialists" may also take on managerial roles.

Personnel Officers

Personnel Officers manage employee relations and are responsible for handling all employee/staffing issues. These individuals can work independently, be employed full-time with a company, or can be hired by a company for temporary work. They are employed in both the private and public sectors.

Public Relations Professionals

A Public Relations Professional manages an organisations strategy in communicating their role, services, products and effectiveness in a positive way to the public. They should have excellent communication, analytical and strategic abilities.

Professional associations and industry bodies

Australian Human Resources Institute (AHRI)

Australian Institute of Management 

Australian Institute of Training and Development 

Career Development Association of Australia 

Career Industry Council of Australia 

Recruitment & Consulting Services Association

Skills and personality

  • Ability to work for long periods of time in an office environment performing administrative tasks and managing and administering programs
  • Analytical skills to evaluate the performance of the company and individual employees as well as company programs and benefits
  • Excellent coordination and scheduling abilities
  • Extremely organised and able to handle large amounts of paperwork.
  • Innovative and analytical to examine company performance and circumstances and develop innovative strategies for improvement
  • Problem solving capabilities working with employee complaints and issues
  • Proficiency in computer information systems and office equipment
  • Research and evaluation skills, creating employee performance assessments and also recruiting potential hires
  • Strong communication skills to work well with management and employees
  • Thorough attention to detail and understanding of required personnel and services