Engineering

The Engineering Industry comprises of engineering fields working in the design, manufacture and operation of machines, products, structures and devices. There are many particular fields of engineering, each vitally important to the fabrication and manufacturing of products and services. Engineers apply scientific, economic and practical knowledge to create systems and manufacture chemicals and materials.

Some of the main engineering industries include mechanical engineering, electrical, chemical, civil and manufacturing engineering, along with computer and environmental fields. Civil engineering includes planning, designing and overseeing the construction of buildings and other structures, while engineers in the electrical engineering field design, manufacture and implement apparatuses to generate electricity and transmit electrical services. Industrial engineers typically design and set up machines for production plants while mechanical engineers deal with power plants, engines and related devices.

Chemical and materials engineers research design and develop specifications of materials to create products or investigate chemical interactions. They may modify materials such as ceramics, chemicals, composites, metals, plastics and rubber to improve the performance of their intended use and increase cost-effectiveness. They may work in chemical plants, in the industrial processing of objects going through chemical change and in testing various materials to find new uses for them. They must understand the properties and behaviours of substances from raw materials to finished products.

Careers in engineering are typically in high demand and offer stable work environments and salaries. Individuals pursuing engineering should complete a Bachelors degree in the particular engineering field of interest and may benefit from summer internships in the field. Engineers can expect to work typical hours Mondays to Fridays in office settings, laboratories, manufacturing plants, construction sites and other areas on-site of services offered. Individuals pursuing a career in engineering should be highly analytical, able to problem solve and absorb large quantities of information.

Related degrees

Related subjects

Careers in Engineering

Aircraft Maintenance Engineers

Aircraft Maintenance Engineers are licensed Engineers involved in carrying out repairs, maintenance and modifications on a wide variety of aircrafts.

Automotive Electricians

Automotive Electricians perform a variety of tasks associated with electronic mechanisms in automobiles. They install, repair and operate electrical wiring and devices and should have knowledge of electrical systems and operations.

Chemical and Materials Engineer

Chemical and Materials Engineers research, design and develop specifications of materials to create products or investigate chemical interactions. They may modify materials such as ceramics, chemicals, composites, metals, plastics and rubber to improve the performance of their intended use and increase cost-effectiveness. They may work in chemical plants, in the industrial processing of objects going through chemical change and in testing various materials to find new uses for them. They must understand the properties and behaviours of substances from raw materials to finished products.

Civil Engineering Draftspersons and Technicians

Civil Engineering Draftspersons and Technicians perform a wide variety of tasks both in offices and in the field. They must have a vast knowledge of codes and regulations in order to create and develop acceptable and viable civil engineering plans. They might develop systems for sewers, bridges, roadways, water treatment plants or a host of other types of structures. Civil Engineering Draftspersons and technicians are vital to the country's infrastructure.

Civil Engineering Professionals

Civil Engineering Professionals are responsible for many tasks that pertain to the infrastructure of a locality or country. They plan and design the construction and development of dams, roadways, expansion bridges, sewage and water systems, airports and numerous other important structures. There are many things that Civil Engineering Professionals must consider such as the durability of materials for the project as well as the estimated cost of seeing the project to fruition.

Draftspersons (Civil Engineering)

Civil Engineering Draftspersons create mechanical drawings or blueprints and help civil engineers plan, sketch, design, and operate production. They should have strong research and organisational abilities and be able to multi-task.

Draftspersons (Electrical Engineering)

Electrical Engineering Draftspersons design the technical plans for distribution lines and transmission in order to deliver electricity. They also assist electrical engineers in a variety of daily tasks including planning, designing and facilitating operations. They should have strong technical and organisational abilities.

Electrical Engineers

Electrical Engineers design electronics in a variety of capacities. They conduct research on and design electrical component, equipment, or systems. At times, they also must test and maintain the machinery or equipment they have developed.

Electrical Engineering Draftspersons, Technicians

Electrical Engineering Draftspersons and Technicians provide support for electrical engineers in the fields of engineering research, design, manufacture, assembly, construction, operation, and maintenance of electrical equipment, facilities, networks, and distribution systems. The work is technical and collaborative in nature.

Electronic Engineering Draftspersons, Technicians

Electronic Engineering Draftspersons and Technicians provide support to electronics engineers in a variety of capacities. They assist engineers in the research, design, maintenance, assembly, and manufacture of various electronics. They often work as members of a larger team.

Electronics Engineers

Electronics Engineering is similar to Electrical Engineering, but is more commercial in outlook. Electronics Engineers design and develop consumer products like television sets, computers, and kitchen appliances. They may also work on larger-scale projects like transportation systems or larger computer or communications networks.

Engineers (Chemical and Material)

A specialised type of engineer, Chemical and Material Engineers work with chemical systems in a variety of capacities. They may plan for the construction of chemical plans, outline specifications for chemical processing systems, work on the development of chemically-intensive consumer products, or conduct research into the properties and possible commercial applications of metals, ceramics, and other materials.

Engineers (Civil)

Civil Engineers work on large-scale public works and other infrastructure projects. They may design and build dams, roads, airports, bridges, sewer systems, pipelines, and other massive undertakings. They are also required to carry out such tasks as testing likely building sites for project viability, drawing up budgets and funding schemes for projects, and engineering traffic and transportation schemes.

Engineers (Industrial, Mechanical & Production)

Industrial, Mechanical, and Production Engineers primarily design and construct large-scale industrial and mechanical processing plants and facilities. They also plan and coordinate manufacturing activities and take on administrative tasks like drawing up budgets and ensuring programs are run smoothly and efficiently.

Engineers (Mining)

One of the most specialised types of engineers, Mining Engineers direct the engineering aspects of the mining process. They coordinate the finding and extracting of minerals, petroleum, and natural gas.

Engineers (Telecommunications)

A highly specialised division of engineering, Telecommunications Engineering focuses on the design, construction, installation, service, and support of telecommunications equipment, facilities, systems, and operations. Projects may focus on broadband systems, communications satellites, radio masts and towers, signal cables, networking hardware, or cellular communications devices.

Engineering Managers

Engineering Managers occupy a more administrative role than a typical engineer. They are in charge of engineering departments, organisations, companies, and firms. They must coordinate the engineering operations of the unit to which they have been tasked.

Engineering Production Systems Workers

A labour-heavy occupation, Engineering Production Systems Workers work primarily with metals, ores, and ceramics. They treat and process these materials by hand and machine. Additionally, many engineering production systems workers are required to operate machinery to produce metal products like rods, tubes, and moulds.

Engineering Technologists

"Engineering Technologists" is sort of catch-all term for all those engineering professionals not grouped into aforementioned categories. As alternative engineering methods begin to proliferate, this group is growing. Engineering Technologists can include aeronautical, agricultural, biomedical, and environmental engineers, as well as naval architects.

Linespersons (Electrical)

Electrical Linespersons perform a variety of tasks associated with electrical distribution systems. They install, repair and operate networks and should have knowledge of electrical systems and operations.

Linespersons (Telecommunications)

Telecommunications Linespersons perform a variety of tasks associated with telecommunications equipment, radio antennae and data transmission. They install, repair and maintain equipment and should have knowledge of telecommunications equipment and operations.

Materials Engineers

Materials Engineers research, design and develop specifications of materials to create products or investigate their properties. They may modify materials such as ceramics, chemicals, composites, metals, plastics and rubber to improve the performance of their intended use and increase cost-effectiveness. They should have knowledge of the properties and behaviour's of substances from raw materials to finished products.

Mechanical Engineers

Mechanical Engineers primarily design and construct large-scale industrial and mechanical processing plants and facilities. They also plan and coordinate manufacturing activities and take on administrative tasks like drawing up budgets and ensuring programs are run smoothly and efficiently.

Mechanics Assistants

Mechanics Assistants (classified as "Other Miscellaneous Labourer's") perform a variety of tasks assisting Mechanics to repair, operate and refurbish vehicles. They install, repair and replace mechanical parts in automobiles and should have knowledge of automobile processes and composition.

Motor Mechanics

Motor Mechanics are primarily responsible for diagnosing and repairing motor vehicles and other internal combustion engines. They also may maintain or test engines or vehicles.

Optical Mechanics

Optical Mechanics (also included within this category is "Other Technicians and Trades Workers") meet eye prescription requirements by operating machines to grind, polish and surface optical lenses. Optical Mechanics also fit lenses into the frames of glasses.

Other Building and Engineering Technicians

Other Building and Engineering Technicians refers to members of this unit group that are not elsewhere classified. Technicians oversee the safety and maintenance of a building.

Other Engineering Professionals

Other Engineering Professionals refers to members of this unit group that are not elsewhere classified. This group may include Agricultural Engineers, Engineering Technologists and Environmental Engineers.

Product Quality Controllers

Product Quality Controllers (QCs) examine primary produce and manufactured products to make sure that they conform to the standards and specifications of quality and presentation necessary to make their way to consumers. They also plan how often sampling will happen, set the standards by which quality will be judged and think about how quality standards practices can be improved.

Production Engineers

Production Engineers usually work in the manufacturing world. Their primary job is to make sure that products are produced at the required speed to match up with the needs of/demand from customers. They also ensure that products are constructed properly and sometime calculate yield to determine waste within a manufacturing facility.

Quality Controllers

Quality Controllers examine products and produce and assess these products or produce for quality. They also ensure that products and produce meet established industry standards and specifications.

Quantity Surveyors

Quantity Surveyors, also known as Civil Engineers, work on large-scale public works and other infrastructure projects. They may design and build dams, roads, airports, bridges, sewer systems, pipelines, and other massive undertakings. They are also required to carry out such tasks as testing likely building sites for project viability, drawing up budgets and funding schemes for projects, and engineering traffic and transportation schemes.

Ships Masters, Officers and Engineers

A Ships Master makes sure that a ships operation is running smoothly. This job consists of tasks like loading cargo, making repairs, navigating and transmitting information. Ship Officers serve as authority figures on seafaring vessels. They must communicate with the captain and supervise various crewmembers. Ship Engineers install and maintain necessary equipment and operate the engine.

Technicians (Civil Engineering)

Civil Engineering Technicians and draftsmen offer assistance in engineering research and operations. Civil engineering technicians may help plan, sketch, chart, and design projects related to civil engineering issues like bridges, airports, and road systems.

Technicians (Electronic Engineering)

Responsible for detailed drawings and plans of circuits and other electrical aspects, Electronic Engineering Technicians require great skill and training.

Technicians (Mechanical Engineering)

Mechanical Engineering Technicians conduct tests, analyse data, and collect information on or about mechanical systems. This may include the installation or assembly of these systems in support of mechanical engineers or technologists.

Toolmakers and Engineering Patternmakers

Toolmakers and Engineering Patternmakers create, maintain, and repair tools for fixing machinery or that is part of the machinery itself. Toolmakers may spend a certain amount of time creating models for new and improved tools for industry.

Professional associations and industry bodies

Association of Professional Engineers, Scientists and Managers, Australia (APESMA) 

Australian Institute of Energy

Australian Licensed Aircraft Engineers Association

Consult Australia (formally Association of Consulting Engineers Australia)

Engineers Australia  

Institute of Public Works Engineering Australia

Institution of Chemical Engineers 

Institution of Electrical and Electronic Engineers 

Technology Industry Association 

The Institution of Engineering and Technology

Skills and personality

  • Ability to see engineering plans from beginning stages to completion
  • Adherence to safety standards and procedures while building and installing
  • Effectively use a variety of computer software, tools and equipment to complete work
  • Enjoy fabricating and designing products and services
  • High attention to detail including accuracy and precision of work
  • Highly analytical to diagnose causes and effects of engineering problems and solutions
  • Specialised knowledge of specific engineering field and practices
  • Strong critical thinking skills and innovation, testing hypotheses and developing new products and services
  • Strong problem solving skills to test new products and figure out cause of defects
  • Work in a team with others on projects and service delivery