Design and architecture
Design, plan and manage buildings, interiors and landscapes for commercial, industrial, recreational or residential uses. Consider budgets, functional necessities and aesthetics.
The design and architecture industry includes careers associated with the process of planning, designing and constructing buildings and structures. They may design specifically for functional or artistic features according to requests made by clients. They should be aware of the style and methods of designing physical structures and spatial areas. One of the main tasks associated with these occupations lies in factoring all aspects of an areas or buildings location, budget, functional necessities and aesthetic aspirations to create a suitable design.
Architects and landscape architects design, plan and manage a wide variety of buildings and landscape areas for commercial, industrial, recreational or residential uses. They must have knowledge of spatial areas and uses as well as construction factors influencing layout and design. Architects typically work a Monday to Friday work week, but may be required to work evenings or weekends to meet deadlines, work with clients or oversee construction progress. They mainly work in an office setting or workshop consulting with clients and designing drawings and graphic images of projects. They can also work in the field surveying land and overseeing work in their projects.
Additional careers in the design and architecture industry include draftspersons, urban planners and interior designers and decorators. Interior designers utilise interior space and organise it in a way that enriches living and work spaces for residential and commercial areas. They should have a solid understanding of space functions as well as the ways in which design and decoration enhance work efficiency or psychological well-being. Interior decorators work to plan and design the decor of offices, residences, hotels and other interior environments. They should have a thorough understanding of functionality and aesthetic features to determine decoration themes, colour schemes and materials and patterns used to decorate spaces.
Urban and regional planners design and implement plans and advice for urban and rural land use. They provide information for environmental, economic and social factors affecting land development. They must have knowledge of spatial areas and uses as well as construction factors influencing layout and design. They typically analyse a variety of factors influencing land use and advise authorities, designers and builders on proper uses and restrictions of the land.
No matter which area individuals work in the design and architecture field, most professionals enjoy designing and being creative with new designs for buildings and spaces. They should be critical and creative thinkers as well as have artistic and technical skills using computer programs to create digital designs. The career prospects for professionals in the field are high, especially for those with creative and artistic talents. Individuals hoping to start a career in design and architecture will require a bachelors degree in architecture or relevant study and benefit greatly from internships with firms while still in school. This can help students gain entry level positions upon graduation.
Architects and Landscape Architects
Architects and Landscape Architects design, plan and manage a wide variety of buildings and landscape areas for commercial, industrial, recreational or residential uses. They must have knowledge of spatial areas and uses as well construction factors influencing layout and design.
Architectural, Building & Surveying Technicians
Architectural, Building & Surveying Technicians provide technical support for Construction, Architects and Surveyors. They perform a variety of tasks to ensure budget and resources are operating effectively.
Binders, Finishers and Screen Printers
Binders, Finishers and Screen Printers are responsible for collating and finishing printed materials and binding books, newspapers, magazines and other printed publications either automatically with machines or by hand.
Designers (Fashion, Industrial and Jewellery)
Fashion, Industrial and Jewellery Designers use creative and material expertise to design and oversee the planning and implementation of manufacturing clothing, jewellery and other products. They may create sample products to sell to customers or create custom designs based on clients vision or specifications.
Designers (Graphic and Web) and Illustrator
Graphic and Web Designers use a variety of software and techniques to create digital or visual communications for media such as corporate branding, logo design, advertisements, web design, product packaging, magazines, TV commercials, etc. They should have strong artistic and technical abilities and be able to understand client and stakeholder aspirations for designs.
Interior Designers plan, design and draft specifications to create a functional and aesthetically pleasing interior environment. They utilize space and organise it in a way that enriches living and work spaces for residential and commercial areas. They should have a solid understanding of space functions as well as the ways in which design and decoration enhance work efficiency or psychological well-being. Many interior designers specialize in certain areas of design.
Garden and Nursery Labourers
Garden and Nursery Labourer's perform technical work in gardens and horticultural nurseries. The work is often physical and routine in nature and usually involves the cultivation and monitoring of plant life.
Illustrators use a variety of tools and techniques to create visual images and illustrations used in a variety of communication and literary works. They should have strong artistic and creative abilities and be able to understand client and stakeholder aspirations for illustrations.
Interior Decorators work with Interior Designers to plan and design the d¿cor of offices, residences, hotels and other interior environments. They should have a thorough understanding of functionality and aesthetic features to determine decoration themes, colour schemes, materials and patterns used to decorate spaces.
Jewellers create and repair rings, earrings, bracelets, necklaces and other types of jewellery. They form and polish gemstones and work with precious metals to create pieces of jewellery for individualised or commercial orders.
Jewellery Designers use creative and material expertise to design and oversee the planning and implementation of manufacturing jewellery products. They may create sample items to sell to customers or create custom designs based on clients vision or specifications. Many Jewellery Designers aspire to achieve recognition for their designs and some may create their own jewellery lines.
Labourers (Garden and Nursery)
Garden and Nursery Labourer's plant and maintain a variety of plants and gardens in residential or public gardens or nurseries. They should have strong knowledge of plant and flower species and the conditions required for them to thrive in.
Landscape Architects design, plan and manage landscape areas in cities, parks, residential areas, gardens and other recreational areas. They must have knowledge of spatial areas and uses as well as a variety of plant life, soil, and ecological factors.
Nurserypersons plant and foster a variety of plants for sale in plant nurseries. They should have strong knowledge of plant and flower species and the conditions required for them to thrive in. Nurserypersons should use observational tools to improve care to plants as needed.
Printers set up and run a variety of printing presses for media print and publication. They may use letterpress, newspaper, digital and lithographic printing presses and should have knowledge of printer set up and maintenance and provide quality assurance printing.
Printing Assistants and Table Workers
Printing Assistants and Table Workers perform a variety of tasks in operating printing presses and bindery equipment and manually finishing printed books and products. They use a variety of printing press and other machines and should have knowledge of printer operations and provide quality assurance printing.
Screen Printers are in charge of operating screen printing equipment, which can either be power-driven or hand-operated. They also often set up stencils. The job also can include figuring out potential issues with printing equipment and repairing these machines.
Sculptors make 3D items, which communicate various concepts. These artists may spend some of their time promoting their work, and this can include traveling and displaying at art and craft shows and building portfolios.
Signwriters work in the fabrication, painting and designing of signs. Their signs are used in a range of locations including commercial and residential building as well as other structures.
Technicians (Architectural, Building and Surveying)
Architectural, Building, and Surveying Technicians are available to assist in completing technical aspects revolving around construction or other building sites. This may include planning jobs and costs or estimating the amount of various resources for the completion of a job. Each type of technician will complete the same basic jobs, but often for different job types.
Professional associations and industry bodies
Skills and personality
- Critical thinking abilities to determine feasibility of designs and requests
- Effectively use a variety of hand and computer software tools to complete work
- Enjoy working on designs and creating drawings or blueprints
- High attention to detail including accuracy and precision of work
- Present designs, plans and blueprints in a clear and effective manner for clients and personnel
- Specialised knowledge of structural designs, measurements and building regulations
- Strong analytical abilities to determine proper balance of functional and artistic designs
- Strong oral communication skills to meet with and discuss design plans with clients
- Visual and spatial creativity to envision possible architectural designs
- Work as part of a team with other architects, draftspersons and designers