Crop Farmer

Crop Farmers work the land to produce high quality and high yielding vegetables, fruits, grains, cotton, nuts, sod, sugar cane, flowers and other necessities that grow from the earth. They must ensure that their fields are well maintained and the soil and plants are healthy. Crop farmers also make plans for crop rotation to make sure that the nutrients in the soil are sufficient to grow appropriate materials.

Duties and tasks

  • Develop new strains of plants and vegetables
  • Ensure fields are maintain properly in non-growing seasons
  • Ensure optimum production through proper cultivation methods
  • Ensure soil is fertilized and plants are free of pests and fungus
  • Ensure that crop production meets all contractual agreements
  • Ensure that fields are ready for planting
  • Hire, train and supervise farming staff
  • Maintain accurate records
  • Maintain irrigation systems, building, fences and farm machinery
  • Market the crops
  • Oversee all farming operations such as picking, grading and packaging of products
  • Oversee the planting of seeds and bulbs
  • Select seeds and bulbs suitable for the area
  • Skills required
  • Ability to delegate responsibilities
  • Ability to hire, train and oversee many field workers
  • Ability to maintain composure in tense and problematic situations
  • Capable of operating farming machinery
  • Knowledge of crop rotation
  • Knowledge of growing and soil conditions for the area
  • Physically able to withstand extremely hot, windy and stormy conditions
  • Understanding of the market for crops
  • Understanding of water and irrigation needs

Working conditions

Crop Farmers spend most of their time out in the fields and must deal with all kinds of weather conditions. This is a very stressful job as severe weather and drought can damage and destroy the crops. Even under perfect conditions, there can be considerable crop losses, however the financial benefits and rewards of growing exceptional crops can make up for any losses sustained in the past.

Professional associations / Industry information

Department of Agriculture and Food (WA)
NSW Farmers
Rural Skills Australia
Tasmanian Farmers & Graziers Association
WA Farmers

Related jobs and job titles

  • Agricultural Technical Officer
  • Aquaculture Farmer
  • Crop Farmer
  • Farm Hand
  • Farmer/Farm Manager
  • Fruit and Nut Grower
  • Fruit and Vegetable Picker
  • Horticultural Tradesperson
  • Livestock Farmer
  • Rural Heavy Vehicle Operator
  • Stock and Station Agent
  • Vegetable Grower

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