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Subject details

After successfully completing this subject you should be able to:

1  Understand how gender shapes differential patterns and experiences of criminal involvement, victimisation and criminal justice
2  Understand how intersections between gender, Indigeneity, social class and sexual orientation impact offending, victimisation and criminal justice system responses and experiences
3  Apply a critical perspective to issues of gender, crime, victimisation and criminal justice
4  Demonstrate an awareness of the implications of diversity for criminal justice policy and analysis
5  Demonstrate the ability to communicate clearly and coherently in written and oral forms

    • Introduction: Gendered Patterns of Offending
    • 'Girls won't be Boys': Theoretical Explanations for Women's Offending
    • 'Boys will be Boys': Theoretical Explanations for Men's Offending
    • Gendered Patterns of Violent Victimisation
    • Controlling Women: Theorising Women and Violent Victimisation
    • 'Boys Don't Cry': Theorising, Men and Violent Victimisation
    • Is Chivalry Dead?: The Gendered Nature of Sentencing
    • New Research Findings 1
    • Women's Imprisonment
    • Masculinity and Prison Sub-Culture
    • New Research Findings 2
    • New Research Findings 3
  • Study resources

    • Instructional methods

      • Discussion forum/Discussion Board
      • Online Quizzes/Tests
      • Online assignment submission
      • Podcasting/Lecture capture
    • Online materials

      • Printable format materials
      • Online Assessment
      • Quizzes


This is not an introductory subject, it is a second year subject. You must have a basic understanding of the first year criminology subjects.

Special requirements

No special requirements

"Despite the public's obsession with crime, victimisation and criminal justice, despite the morbid fear that crime and victimisation arouses, despite the endless volumes written to account for offending, victimisation and criminal justice processing, gender, the most powerful social factor of all has been virtually ignored by criminologists." (Leonard, 1982). Women are one of the fastest growing groups being incarcerated, they are more likely than men to be victims of certain types of crime (i.e. domestic and sexual violence) and men have traditionally (although now being debated) been more likely to perpetrate violent crime. It is critically important that the issue of how gender ,femininity, masculinity, and intersections with other statuses, shapes crime, victimisation and our responses to both. Drawing on national and international contexts, this subject explores, and seeks to theoretically explain, the persistent and profound differences between men and women in crime rates and patterns, victimization, and criminal justice system experiences and responses. The subject will also consider intersections between gender, Indigeneity, social class and sexual orientation.

  • Invigilated Exam (45%)
  • Major Essay (35%)
  • Online Quiz (20%)

Textbooks are not required.

Related degrees

undergraduate GRF-CCJ-DEG-2018

Bachelor of Criminology and Criminal Justice

  • Core Subjects
  • Compulsory Subjects
  • Major in Criminal Justice