How to become a geologist or geophysicist

Study the nature and composition of the physical attributes of Earth.

What does a geologist or geophysicist do?

Geologists and geophysicists study the layers of Earth’s surface and below, providing advice on mining and extraction of minerals, water, and other substances. They might also work in weather, seismic, and oceanographic forecasting.

Duties and tasks

  • Research aspects of Earth's physical surface for publishing in academic journals and research circles.
  • Sample rocks and other physical specimens for information on the constitution and composition of the surface of Earth.
  • Study fossils and other materials to add to the body of knowledge on evolution.
  • Survey specific locations for the presence of minerals, water, and petroleum.
  • Forecast earthquakes, tsunamis, and other natural phenomena.
  • Teach college and university courses.

Industry bodies

Related jobs

  • Archaeologist
  • Environmental geologist
  • Environmental scientist
  • Field or exploration geologist
  • Geoscience technician
  • Hydrologist
  • Marine geologist
  • Mine site geologist
  • Palaeontologist
  • Petroleum geologist
  • Stratigrapher
  • Structural geologist
View all majors

Discover related courses

We're here to help

Our student advisors can assist you with your enrolment, help you plan your studies and answer any questions about how studying through OUA works.

Talk to a student advisor

We'll be in touch to answer your questions.

Usually replies in 30 mins