How to become a geologist or geophysicist

Study the nature and composition of the physical attributes of Earth.

What does a geologist or geophysicist do?

Geologists and geophysicists study the layers of Earth’s surface and below, providing advice on mining and extraction of minerals, water, and other substances. They might also work in weather, seismic, and oceanographic forecasting.

Duties and tasks

  • Research aspects of Earth's physical surface for publishing in academic journals and research circles.
  • Sample rocks and other physical specimens for information on the constitution and composition of the surface of Earth.
  • Study fossils and other materials to add to the body of knowledge on evolution.
  • Survey specific locations for the presence of minerals, water, and petroleum.
  • Forecast earthquakes, tsunamis, and other natural phenomena.
  • Teach college and university courses.

Industry bodies

Related jobs

  • Archaeologist
  • Environmental geologist
  • Environmental scientist
  • Field or exploration geologist
  • Geoscience technician
  • Hydrologist
  • Marine geologist
  • Mine site geologist
  • Palaeontologist
  • Petroleum geologist
  • Stratigrapher
  • Structural geologist

Discover related courses

Undergraduate UNE-DSC-DIP

Diploma in Science

Undergraduate MAQ-BSC-DEG

Bachelor of Science

Available majors

  • Core Zone: Major in Biology

Postgraduate ECU-ESC-MAS

Master of Environmental Science

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