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Geologist and Geophysicist

Geologists and Geophysicists study the nature and composition of the physical attributes of the earth. They research the composition and structure of various layers of the earth and provide advice on the mining and extraction of minerals, water, and other substances from the earth. They often also work in weather, seismic, and oceanographic forecasting.

Duties and tasks

  • Forecasting weather, earthquakes, tsunamis, and other natural phenomena
  • Researching aspects of the earths physical surface for publishing in academic journals and research circles
  • Sampling rocks and other physical specimens for information on the constitution and composition of the surface of the earth
  • Studying fossils and other materials to add to the body of knowledge on evolution
  • Surveying specific locations for the presence of minerals, water, and petroleum
  • Teaching college and university courses
  • Skills required
  • Ability to convey complex information to others
  • Ability to write clearly and succinctly for a scientifically-minded audience
  • Astute reading comprehension skills
  • Extraordinarily high understanding of physical science
  • Use of logic and deductive reasoning

Working conditions

Geologists and Geophysicists often work in academic settings like colleges and universities. Governments also employ geologists and geophysicists to carry out research for commercial purposes. Occasionally, geologists and geophysicists may find themselves in the private commercial sphere, doing research for large companies.

Professional associations / Industry information

Australian Institute of Geoscientists
The Geological Society of Australia
The Minerals Institute

Related jobs and job titles

  • Archaeologist
  • Environmental Geologist
  • Environmental Scientist
  • Field/Exploration Geologist
  • Geoscience Technician
  • Hydrogeologist
  • Marine Geologist
  • Mine Site Geologist
  • Palaeontologist
  • Petroleum Geologist
  • Stratigrapher
  • Structural Geologist

Related degrees

Related subjects