Education and Training

The Education & Training Industry includes a variety of careers and positions geared toward ensuring that students gain the proper education they need to prepare for their futures. These careers include primary and secondary teachers, day care and preschool instructors, university lecturers and tutors as well as supporting professionals such as guidance counsellors, social workers and school administrators among many others. This industry also includes vocational education and training programmes and adult education.

Careers in Education and Training are usually essential positions needed in society and offer a stable work life. Schools and training programs are, however, affected by governmental budget cuts, school-age populations and enrolment rates, which can influence hiring rates and cut backs. Professionals working in the education and training field typically work during school hours Mondays to Fridays teaching and monitoring students, and are required to prepare and plan lessons after the school day. University lecturers and vocational training programme teachers may work in evenings or weekends to cater to older students and adults.

Professionals in education and training should enjoy working with children and students and have concern for each individual students learning abilities and comprehension of the subject material. Educators should be creative and innovative to deliver lesson plans and subject matter in new and different ways to help students understand and grasp material and concepts.

Careers in education and training typically require advanced certifications or Bachelors degree in education or subject teaching. Child care workers and preschool teachers usually need early child development/education training and special education teachers require specialised degrees and training. University lecturers require postgraduate degrees and should enjoy research activities in their field of interest.

Related degrees

Related subjects

Careers in Education and training


An Actuary is a qualified and specialised professional who is able to analyse and examine mathematical, statistical and fiscal data to help businesses plan for long term growth and in making business decisions. An Actuary will help assess the risk involved in making certain decisions and be skilled in compliance matters, accounting rules and performing data analysis.

Animal Attendants and Trainers

Animal Attendants and Trainers care and train for animals. Examples of daily duties include grooming, exercising, cleaning and treating injuries. Animal trainers will build up a strong rapport with the animal and accustom the animal to perform as commanded.

Crossing Supervisors

Crossing Supervisors and other miscellaneous labourer's are in charge of ensuring that pedestrians get across roadways safely. They take control of the flow of traffic and stop all vehicles from proceeding so that the pedestrians can cross safely. Crossing Supervisors provide a necessary and extremely important service to the community and are indispensable when it comes to the safety and security of pedestrians.

Early Childhood Teachers

Early Childhood Teachers convey the basics of knowledge to pre-primary school students. Taking a holistic approach, Early Childhood Teachers must focus on basic literacy and counting skills, as well as promote development in art and music. Early Childhood Teachers are also responsible for the basic health and well-being of their students and must also focus on helping students with their basic physical development skills.

Education Advisers and Reviewers

Education Advisers and Reviewers take a policy-oriented approach to education. While they are not actually hands-on in the classroom, as a teacher would be, they are involved in educational research and in developing curriculum. They also publish findings on various aspects of educational culture and policy.

Education Aides

The term "Education Aides" is a sort of catch-all for various individuals who provide non-teaching support for students and teachers in schools. They may work as a teachers assistant in the classroom or they may facilitate extra-curricular activities for students. Education Aides can also provide specialised assistance for Aboriginal, Torres Strait Islander, and Maori students or students who have special needs.

English Teachers (as a Second Language)

English as a Second Language Teachers (often abbreviated to ESL teachers) work with students of all ages whose primary language is not English. They teach grammar, speaking, and writing skills, as well as more nuanced concepts like idioms and slang.

Faculty Heads

Heads of Faculty work in educational institutions, guiding and supporting faculty and administration through policy making, resource management, curriculum development, and administrative reviews; they also foster a relationship between the institution and its community. Faculty heads lead and delegate, set and evaluate goals, provide support and guidance, as well as evaluate teaching methods and performance.


Historians study historical events and conduct research into the nature of these events. They write academic reports publishing their findings and muse on the implications of history for their future. Often, historians will be involved in teaching or education.

Kindergarten and Preschool Teachers

Kindergarten and Preschool Teachers instruct pre-primary students in the foundations of numeracy, literature and arts to prepare them for primary school. They focus on cognitive, physical and social development using a variety of games, music, play, art and written exercises. Teachers of this level should be creative, patient and understand levels of early childhood development.

Lecturers and Tutors (University)

University Lecturers and Tutors work for public and private universities researching and delivering lectures on their field of expertise. They should have strong research skills and public speaking abilities and be willing to contribute to students learning.

Middle School Teachers

Middle School Teachers teach students of a middle school or intermediate school age. They may teach one or more subjects, either to one classroom for a full school day or for rotating periods. They are also responsible for the physical safety of their students and for developing students on social, emotional, physical, and intellectual levels.

Music Teachers (Private)

Private Music Teachers work one-on-one or in classrooms to teach students music. They work in private establishments as opposed to public or private schools. They instruct students in the practice, theory, and performance of instrumental and vocal music.

Other Education Managers

Other Education Managers refers to members of this unit group that are not elsewhere classified. These Managers plan, organise, and coordinate educational programs in compliance with procedures and policies.

Primary School Teachers

Primary School Teachers help children develop the intellectual and social skills they need to be ideal members of society. These teachers create lesson plans and facilitate learning with pupils by establishing a positive relationship. They also organise the classroom learning environment and learning resources. Primary school teachers focus on children ages 5-12 years old and encourage and inspire children to deepen their understanding/knowledge and develop themselves.

Principals (School)

School Principals manage the proper administration and functioning of educational institutions. They oversee teachers and administration at the school to ensure that students are receiving quality education and that proper safety and disciplinary procedures are in place.

Private Tutors and Teachers

Private Tutors and Teachers have incredibly flexible job positions as they often set their own hours. While some private tutors and teachers may work at specific schools/organizations or with specific individuals and have set hours of work, others make their own teaching/tutors schedules according to their personal needs and the needs of their students.

Secondary School Teachers

Secondary School Teachers are in charge of teaching the curriculum to students. Another part of the job is considering the emotional and intellectual development of students. Secondary School Teachers oversee discussions and supervise class work.

Special Education Teachers

Special Education Teachers can be found in primary, middle and secondary schools. These teachers focus on teaching students with a wide range of learning difficulties stemming from emotional, intellectual or physical issues. It is necessary for special education teachers to use a variety of teaching approaches and strategies, as they may be working with students with differing needs.

Teachers (Vocational Education)

A Vocational Education Teacher may also be referred to as a trade or skill teacher. This type of educator works within a prescribed curricula to further the technical education of students. Vocational teachers are sometimes thought of those that offer hands-on job preparation for students in an educational setting.

Teachers of English to Speakers of Other Languages

Teachers of English to Speakers of Other Languages teach students who are not native English speakers. English Language Learners (ELLs) often have difficulty in learning the second language and it is the responsibility of the teacher of English to speakers of other languages to make the transition easier over time.

Teachers Aides

A Teachers Aide is an asset to a teacher as they are required to perform duties not necessarily associated with actual instruction. A teachers aide serves as an added adult to handle care and offer extra supervision to children in different settings, most often in preschool or special education classrooms or organisations.

Training and Development Professionals

Training and Development Professionals are training officers that develop and conduct and organisations development program. These professionals often consult with management and staff to identify strengths and weaknesses in the company's structure from which to build a more successful team.

Tutors and Teachers (Private)

Private Teachers and Tutors instruct students in specialized areas like art, drama, dance, music, test prep, or other areas of academia not covered in schools. They work outside of prescribed school hours and facilities to provide students with supplementary education and knowledge.

Vocational Education Teacher or Trainer

A Vocational Education Teacher or Trainer may also be referred to as a trade or skill teacher. This type of educator works within a prescribed curricula to further the technical education of students. Vocational trainers are sometimes thought of those that offer hands-on job preparation for students in an educational setting.

Professional associations and industry bodies

Adult Learning Australia

Australian Association for Research in Education 

Australian College of Educators 

Australian Education Union

Australian Institute of Training and Development 

Australian Science Teachers Association 

Australian Society for Music Education

Modern Language Teachers Association of Victoria

NSW Teachers Federation

New South Wales Government Department of Education and Training

Queensland College of Teachers  

Teachers Registration Board of Northern Territory

Teachers Registration Board of South Australia

Teachers Registration Board of Tasmania

Victorian Institute of Teaching 

Western Australian College of Teaching

Skills and personality

  • Administration abilities for enrolling students and updating databases
  • Creative and dynamic with young children to aide in their development
  • Effective coordination and organisation capabilities
  • Enjoy working with children and students
  • Grading work, preparing lectures and delivering lessons
  • Leadership skills directing students and daily lesson plans and activities
  • Manage or oversee teachers and staff and ensure proper conduct
  • Patience and commitment to teaching subject material and ensuring all students comprehend it
  • Research skills and analytical abilities to evaluate educational systems and student progress
  • Strong speaking communication skills delivering lesson plans, lectures and teaching materials
  • Time management