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Farm Worker (Mixed Crop and Livestock)

Farm Workers prepare the soil for seeds and starts, tend to the plants during the growing season, and harvest crops when they are mature; they tend animals by operating machinery and performing physical tasks. The work requires labourers to be physically fit and able to lift, bend, and crouch repetitively in varying weather conditions. Farm workers can have migrant employment, working during various parts of the growing season and move to different locations as crops ripen.

Duties and tasks

  • Clean pens, cages, hutches, and yards, and other livestock enclosures
  • Feed and water animals
  • Fertilise, remove weeds, and apply pesticides; report conditions of crops and livestock
  • Harvest, inspect, sort, and load crops for shipment
  • Herd and move animals to processing or feeding locations
  • Inspect animals for signs of disease, illness, or injury; treat animals with medicines and vaccines
  • Irrigate fields and maintain sources of water and equipment, such as pumps and pipes
  • Make small repairs and maintain farm equipment, enclosures, and fences
  • Mark livestock with owners identification and/or grade
  • Prepare soil for planting
  • Use machinery and tools to plant, cultivate, and harvest crops

Skills required

  • Ability to follow Safety Standards
  • Attention to Detail
  • Fit and Able to Perform Physical and Repetitive Tasks
  • Knowledge of Plant and Animal Care
  • Listen and Take Direction
  • Operate Equipment and Heavy Machinery

Working conditions

Farm Workers generally work outdoors in fields, orchards, and on farms; they may be exposed to all kinds of weather conditions. Because of the setting in which they work, labourers have limited access to drinking water and restroom facilities. They are sometimes exposed to pesticides and fertilisers, as well as large animals that can bite and kick, so safety procedures must be followed to reduce health risks. Their agricultural work is seasonal, therefore workers may have periods of unemployment before planting or harvest time. They may also travel to various locations as different crops ripen, and work long hours during seasonal peaks.

Professional associations / Industry information

Cattle Council of Australia

Department of Agriculture and Food (WA) 

NSW Farmers

Rural Skills Australia 

Tasmanian Farmers & Graziers Association 

WA Farmers Related jobs and job titles

  • Agricultural Scientist
  • Agricultural Technical Officer
  • Animal Attendant
  • Animal Technician
  • Aquaculture Farmer
  • Beef Cattle Farmer
  • Beekeeper
  • Crop Farmer
  • Dairy Farmer
  • Farm Hand
  • Farmer/Farm Manager
  • Farrier
  • Fruit and Nut Grower
  • Fruit and Vegetable Picker
  • Horse Manager
  • Horticultural Tradesperson
  • Jackaroo
  • Livestock Farmer
  • Poultry/Chicken
  • Farmer
  • Primary Products Inspector
  • Rural Heavy Vehicle Operator
    ShearerSheep Farmer
  • Stock and Station Agent
  • Vegetable Growe

Related degrees

Related subjects