Agriculture, forestry and fishing

The Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing Industry plays a very important role in the economy and livelihood of the population. There are a wide range of occupations associated with this industry including farmers and farm workers, scientists, auctioneers, logging workers and tree fellers in addition to companies that provide supporting activities. Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing produce a variety of food products as well as lumber and paper products.

Advancements in technology are making it easier to produce more crops, livestock and fish without the use of labourers, however workers are still needed for harvesting, researching and associated occupations. Seasonal workers may be hired in high planting and harvesting seasons for crops and workers on dairy and livestock farms are required to work year-long feeding, maintaining and assisting in production. Large, industrial farms may operate like factory production lines and require workers to fulfil specific roles. Many large operations sell their products to food processing companies, textile and food retail.

Forestry and logging workers grow, harvest and fell trees in commercial timber land areas or in natural forest environments in order to produce lumber used in construction, wood and paper products. They operate a variety of equipment and heavy machinery to cut down trees and process them into useable sections and transport them to sawmill and paper mills. They should be familiar with tree species and understand the best methods for felling trees naturally and so that they dont damage surrounding areas.

Careers in the fishing industry include fisherman who harvest fish in fresh water and the ocean. They make work on small fishing boats, or on commercial fishing vessels catching thousands of fish and several varieties. Workers in aquaculture farming also raise species of fish and shellfish in similar conditions as their natural environments for harvesting or recreational fishing areas.

Careers in agriculture, forestry and fishing attract individuals with an appreciation for the outdoors and natural environment. Some careers in the field require significant amounts of physical labour while others require scientific and excellent observational techniques. Agriculture, forestry and fishing occupations are always necessary careers as we require products produced by these activities in our daily lives.

Related degrees

Related subjects

Careers in Agriculture

Agricultural and Forestry Scientist

Agricultural and Forestry Scientists are involved in the study, research and analysis of plants, farming and cultivation methods in order to improve and enrich forest and agricultural areas. Scientists will advise and work alongside agricultural stakeholders, including farmers, to further the agricultural industry and ensure long term growth and sustainability.

Agricultural Technicians

Agricultural Technicians perform research, experiments and testing on a wide range of agricultural crops, food and animals to help assist agronomists, researchers and agricultural scientists.

Agricultural, Forestry & Horticultural Operator

Agricultural, Forestry & Horticultural Operators operate light and heavy machinery in order to assist in cultivating the land, planting new seeds, clearing space for new harvest and moving fallen down trees.

Aquaculture Farmers

Aquaculture Farmers are involved in all aspects of aquatic farming operations (breeding, growing, conserving) of fish and other aquatic stock including oysters, crayfish, prawns etc.

Cartographers and Surveyors

Cartographers and Surveyors design, create and modify maps and charts using scientific and mathematical methods. They map out and accurately position all natural and manufactured features such as regions of land, features, buildings, coastal areas, and underground structures.

Crop Farm Workers

Crop Farm Workers perform an important service by growing the foods that people regularly consume for good health and proper nutrition. They must understand the land and the crops that will grow effectively there. Crop Farm Workers must be dedicated to their jobs as the diets and well-being of the populace depend upon his ability to produce high quality food products on his land.

Crop Farmers

Crop Farmers work the land to produce high quality and high yielding vegetables, fruits, grains, cotton, nuts, sod, sugar cane, flowers and other necessities that grow from the earth. They must ensure that their fields are well maintained and the soil and plants are healthy. Crop farmers also make plans for crop rotation to make sure that the nutrients in the soil are sufficient to grow appropriate materials.

Deck and Fishing Hands

Deck and Fishing Hands assist in collecting fish and other sea life, and uphold high standards for operations and equipment on ships. They may be required to go out to sea for long periods at a time and to assist ships in loading and docking. They need to have strong knowledge of life at sea and know various fishing procedures and techniques.

Farm Workers (Crops)

Farm Workers prepare the soil for seeds and starts, tend to the plants during the growing season, and harvest crops when they are mature. The work requires labourers to be physically fit and able to lift, bend, and crouch repetitively in varying weather conditions. Farm workers can have migrant employment, working during various parts of the growing season and move to different locations as crops ripen.

Farm Workers (Livestock)

Farm Workers tend animals by operating machinery and performing physical tasks in the egg, wool, and livestock industry. Labourers are required to be physically fit and able to perform repetitive work in varying weather conditions. They care for live animals, including poultry, cattle, sheep, rabbits, pigs, goat, horses, and bees. These animals are raised to produce eggs, feathers, meat, fur, skins, milk, or honey.

Farm Workers (Mixed Crop and Livestock)

Farm Workers prepare the soil for seeds and starts, tend to the plants during the growing season, and harvest crops when they are mature; they tend animals by operating machinery and performing physical tasks. The work requires labourers to be physically fit and able to lift, bend, and crouch repetitively in varying weather conditions. Farm workers can have migrant employment, working during various parts of the growing season and move to different locations as crops ripen.

Farmers (Livestock)

Farmers breed and raise animals and oversee day-to-day farm operations, as well as the seasonal and annual responsibilities of farming. Farmers may own or lease land, or work for large commercial farms. They purchase animals, and necessary farming equipment. Farmers may hire workers to tend their livestock. They plan according to the product market, and the farms rate of production.


Farriers work with horses by removing worn shoes from hooves: they trim, shape, and measure them for new shoes using specialised tools. Horse hooves grow over time, thus requiring trimming and new shoes. Farriers also examine the horses hooves for bruises and cracks and treat them accordingly with pads and special materials. Farriers then heat and hammer new metal shoes to fit the horses hooves: the finished product is fitted and nailed and the hooves are filed to fit.


Fencers work with wood, metal, and other materials to erect and repair gates and fences. The work requires labourers to be physically fit and able to lift, bend, and crouch repetitively in varying weather conditions. Fencers travel to various locations, fencing areas around residences, roadways, commercial properties, and farms.

Fishing Hands

Deckhands and Fishing Hands work on sea and freshwater vessels maintaining equipment and catching fish and various aquatic species, such as crustaceans and molluscs. They catch food for human consumption, as well as animal feed and other uses. They may also work with the public on charter boats, aiding people in recreational fishing, and filleting and packing their catch.


Foresters study the effects of harvesting, the environment, pests, and diseases in regard to the health and growth of trees. Their job is to help maintain, develop, and protect forests. They manage the quality of forests, preserves, parks, and other natural resources to make the best use of their environmental, commercial, and recreational benefits.

Forestry and Logging Workers

Forestry and Logging Workers maintain, cultivate, and harvest trees to produce timber, and the raw materials they provide is used in industrial and consumer products. Their work is both physically demanding as well as hazardous, therefore this job requires a strong awareness of ones surroundings and knowledge of safety standards and practices.


Gardeners are responsible for planning, planting, cultivating, and maintaining landscapes, lawns, gardens, parks, and other open spaces. They also do necessary monitoring and maintenance work, such as inspecting and treating trees for disease, mowing, cutting, and watering grass, and replanting uprooted flora.


Greenkeepers work with real grass, artificial turf, and other synthetic substances. They usually work in sporting facilities and arenas.

Landscape Gardeners

Landscape Gardeners plan, maintain and develop gardens, parks and landscapes. They may also assist in cultivating plants, trees and other vegetation. They must have knowledge of a wide variety of plant life, soil, and ecological factors.

Lawn Mowers

Lawn Mowers use electronic or manual machines to cut grass, trim shrubs and cut back trees in residential settings, parks or public gardens. They should be able to perform manual labour for long periods of time outdoors.

Logging Workers

Logging workers cut down, process and transport large trees for logging purposes. They must use a variety of tools and adhere to all safety standards while working. Logging Workers perform physical labour and should be physically able to do so.

Meat Boners and Slicers, and Slaughterers

Meat Boners and Slicers cut meat from the bones and carcasses of animals and trim fat and other undesirable products from the resulting cuts. Slaughterers are primarily responsible for slaughtering livestock for meat.

Other Farm, Forestry and Garden Workers

Other Farm, Forestry and Garden Workers refers to members of this unit group that are not elsewhere classified. These workers include occupations involving caring for, hunting, trapping and shooting animals, as well as cultivating fields and controlling weeds.

Park Rangers

Park Rangers work to serve and protect a variety of types of reserves and parks as part of a sometimes large team to preserve the overall state of reserves, parks, waterways, and visitor facilities. Sometimes, park rangers also respond in emergency response situations and assist in park planning when required.

Pest Controllers

Those who work as Pest Controllers spray gases or chemical solutions to kill insects or set traps to kill mice and vermin. Pest controllers go to private residences or public places to do this, and they often spray around the infested building as well. They often travel throughout the day to different public and private buildings and other areas.

Plant Operators Agriculture Forestry and Horticulture

Agriculture and Forest & Horticulture Plant Operators operate plant to sow and harvest crops, clear and cultivate land, move logs, and remove fallen trees. Higher-level operators oversee the workers and equipment necessary to complete these tasks successfully, and they concentrate on improving efficiency, quality, and safety.

Primary Products Inspectors

Primary Products Inspectors check a variety of different products such as abattoirs, plants and produce from farms as well as storage or shipment locations and wholesale markets to make sure they meet government hygiene and quality standards. They also make sure they meet all export requirements. Specialisations may include meat inspectors, quarantine inspection service officers, and sugarcane analysts/auditors.

Process Workers Meat Poultry and Seafood

Meat, poultry, and Seafood Process Workers kill, disembowel, and cut/trim fish, meat, poultry, and shellfish. These individuals must be good at working with their hands and have thick stomachs. These jobs can often be both uncomfortable and put the worker at risk for small injuries (from cutting meat, etc.).


Rangers, as a subset of environmental scientists, work hands-on in parks, forests, and other natural settings. They use their scientific background and knowledge to study and protect flora, fauna, water, air, and other aspects of their specific worksite.

Service Station Attendants

Service Station Attendants handle maintenance of cars at service stations. They also sell accessories for cars including fuel and lubricants. The job includes servicing customers cars through checking for pressure in tires as well as for proper levels of fluids, such as fuel and motor oil. Service Station Attendants deal directly with the public through collecting payments and providing receipts.


Shearers work with animals like sheep, goats and alpacas. They are responsible for taking off their wool and preparing it to be sold.

Shearing Shed Hands

Shearing Shed Hands handle fleece once it has been removed from a sheep. Their job often involves traveling to various farms.


Stablehands, also known as Farm Workers, tend to horses, cattle, sheep, goats and other livestock. Stablehands also assist with collecting eggs, milking cows, and shearing animals for wool.

Surveying Technician

Surveying Technicians inspect structures to determine structural soundness and compliances with building codes, specifications, etc. Surveying Technicians also inspect potential construction sites, estimate costs and determine time frame.


Surveyors adjust and operate surveying instruments, compile notes, and enter data into computer programs. Surveyors also prepare maps and plans.

Surveyors Assistant

Surveyors Assistants assist surveyors as they operate survey instruments, compile notes and enter data into computers. They work under the supervision of surveyors.

Technicians Agricultural

Agricultural Technicians are associated with the agricultural community and may work with agricultural scientists or those in related fields such as farmers or parks and recreational services. These individuals should have a passion for the environment and the effects that farming or other activities can have on the land.

Timber and Wood Process Workers

Timber and Wood Process Workers work with trees, wood, and lumber in the various stages and production of daily products. This career can involve numerous aspects of the industry including lumberjacks, timber yard workers, saw mill operators, and pulp mill workers.

Tree Fellers

Tree Fellers (Forestry and Logging Workers) specialise in cutting down trees and determining the safest and natural way for them to fall. They work with other logging workers and must use a variety of tools and adhere to all safety standards while working.

Wood Machinists and Other Wood Trades Workers

Wood Machinists utilise woodworking and woodcutting machinery to cut, shape, and polish wood samples. They may then use these wood pieces to build furniture, picture frames, and other wood products.

Wood Processing Machine Workers

Wood Processing Machine Workers, often grouped in with paper processing machine workers, operate machines that process and finish various wooden products, such as logs, firewood, plywood etc. These same machines will often also produce paper products like packaging, paper, disposable napkins, etc., using the same timber stock.

Wood Processing Workers

Wood Processing Workers, sometimes referred to as timber processing workers, perform work that is largely routine in nature. Typically, wood processing workers operate machinery in pulp mills, sawmills, timber yards, and wood processing factories, although sometimes the job description may involve slightly more hands-on work.

Wool Classers

Wool Classers are members of the technicians and trades industry. They perform routine or classifying work for wool buyers and merchants. They appraise and value wool to be sold at retail locations.

Wool Handlers

Wool Handlers, part of the larger livestock farm workers industry, work in wool production. They perform simple or routine tasks to assist wool growers and may at times be required to handle livestock.

Professional associations and industry bodies

Australian Institute of Agricultural Science and Technology 

Institute of Foresters of Australia 

National Farmers Federation 

The Australian Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry 

Skills and personality

  • Analytical abilities to increase quality and production of crops, livestock, fish and lumber
  • Business and accounting skills working with producers and buyers of yields and produce
  • Effective coordination and organisation capabilities
  • Enjoy working out on the land, in sometimes rural areas and with the natural environment
  • Expertise and scientific knowledge pertaining to crops, livestock, fish or tree species working with
  • Observational and problem solving capabilities and understanding signs of malnutrition and diseases in crops, fish, trees and animals
  • Physically able to perform large amounts of manual labour and work outdoors
  • Proficiency in using and maintaining farm tools, techniques and equipment
  • Research skills to test new crop variations as well as hormones, pesticides, etc.
  • Strict adherence to safety precautions and regulations